Penicillin, also known as cephalosporins, is a group of medicines commonly obtained from fungi called Penicillium fungi; which includes cephalosporin G, cephalosporin V, proton pump inhibitors, and benzothiazide penicillins. The initial discovery of penicillins came in 1839, when Dr. Alexander Fleming isolated and named them after his dog M. J. Penicillium, which was infected with the plague. Although the name of penicillin may be derived from the name of its manufacturer, penicillium mushroom, it does not reflect the exact nature of the product.
Cephalosporins are very common in animal medicine. They are used to treat fungal infections such as ringworm, shingles – งูสวัด, athletic foot, athlete's itch, eczema, fungal nail infections, staphylococcal infection, athletic foot, yeast, athletic bursitis, staphylococcal infections caused by streptococcus, and to prevent or treating fungal infections caused by fungi. … Many people choose to use these drugs in their pets because of their effectiveness and relatively simple application (no need to break the skin or administer antifungal drugs). But the same benefits can be achieved with other drugs, such as antibiotics. In fact, antibiotics can be considered a type of penicillin because they kill bacteria and fungi as well as inhibit their growth.
Penicillins are prescribed not only for treating fungal infections, but also for bacterial infections and infectious diseases such as colds, sinusitis, pneumonia, etc. They are also usually prescribed for other purposes.
Penicillins work by killing or disabling the beneficial bacteria that normally protect us from infection. Thus, instead of the drug reaching the bacteria, the drugs kill the bacteria, either by killing them or making them inactive. When antibiotics are prescribed to treat an infection, the body remains “antibiotic-free,” which means that all bacteria are destroyed and new bacteria do not grow to replace them.
Although these drugs are antibiotics, they do not attack living cells (cells that live in the body) – they only kill bacteria that have already infected you. Hence, they can also be used to kill bacteria in the digestive system, urinary tract, and even in the bloodstream.
Penicillins have also been used to kill bacteria in the eyes. As a result, their lenses help protect the eyes from tears by killing bacteria that cause dry eyes and eye infections caused by tears
As mentioned, these drugs are also effective against bacterial infections. In fact, cephalosporins are commonly prescribed for recurrent urinary tract infections in adults and infants
Penicillins are also effective in treating oral infections and thrush. Because these drugs are bactericidal, they can be prescribed to treat bacterial infections such as tonsillitis and thrush in the mouth. In adults, they can also be used to prevent or treat gum disease (gingivitis) and to relieve symptoms of oral cancer.
Penicillins are also an effective medicine for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Cephalosporins can be administered orally or by injection into the affected area. They kill the virus that causes sexually transmitted infections and are very successfully used in the treatment of genital warts, gonorrhea, syphilis and chlamydia.
- Penicillins are also used to treat chronic lung disease. Chronic bronchial asthma can be treated with cephalosporins. In fact, some of the best evidence shows that this drug is effective in treating lung conditions that affect the respiratory system.
- Penicillins can also be used to treat kidney disease when the immune system is weakened. As mentioned above, they have also been used to treat chronic bronchial asthma and reduce the damage done by HIV.
- There is some evidence that these drugs may be helpful in treating prostate cancer. But the evidence that they work is conflicting.